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Neem: Anmeldungen und erteilte Patente 1989 -2004

„Kein Patent auf Leben!“ München

(Aktualisierte Version vom 12. Mai 2006)

Die 65 Neem-Patente, die am Europäischen Patentamt (EPA) gefunden wurden, beeinhalten Extraktionsmethoden, isolierte Extrakte und den Gebrauch dieser Substanzen. Es sind keine Gentechnik-Patente. Sie beziehen sich auch nicht auf die Pflanzen, bzw. den Neem-Baum selbst.

Patent, das am 8.März 2005 verhandelt wird: No. 8 Das Patent wurde von der Einspruchsabteilung widerrufen. Der Patentinhaber ging in Revision (T416/01). Es wurde am 8. März auch von der Beschwerdekammer entgültig widerrufen.


Inhalte der Patente:

22 Patente betreffen insektizide Wirkung No. 1, 2, 3, 6, 8, 11, 13, 14, 16, 17, 23, 27, 31, 35, 41, 42, 45, 46, 48, 49, 54, 60

20 für fungizide, antibakterielle Wirkung No. 4, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 17, 18, 24, 34, 35, 45, 46, 48,49, 50, 51, 52, 54, 55

11 für medizinische Anwendungen No. 9, 25, 29, 39, 40, 44, 50, 53, 59, 63, 64

3 davon für Kontrolle der Fortpflanzung No. 9, 39, 40

3 für kosmetische Anwendungen No. 56, 61, 62

12 für spezielle Anwendungen No. 15, 26, 28, 33, 34, 38, 41, 43, 47, 52, 58, 65

8 für Extraktionsmethoden No. 19, 20, 21, 22, 32, 36, 37, 57

6 für stabile Extrakte No. 4, 5, 14, 17, 24, 30

9 für Zusammensetzungen inkl. neem No. 33, 49, 55, 56, 59, 60, 61, 62, 65


Verfahrensstand:

24 Patente sind erteilt (B1 Datum) No. 3, 4, 5, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 20, 28, 29, 30, 32 (Opposition Trifolio und Beschwerde), 35, 39, 40, 43, 44, 47, 49, 51

2 Patente wurden bei Einspruchsverhandlungen widerrufen No. 5, 8

1 Patent: Entscheidung widerrufen No 8, Verhandlung geht in die nächste Instanz (T 416/01) und wurde auch da widerrufen am 8.3.05

28 Patente wurden zurückgenommen (dead, Datum) No. 1, 2, 6, 7, 11, 17, 18, 19, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 31, 33, 34, 37, 38, 41, 45 (?), 46, 48, 50, 53, 55, 59

13 Patente werden vom EPA noch geprüft (exam.) No. 36, 42 (oral proceedings 15.9.05, wird bald erteilt), 52, 54, 56, 57, 58, 62, 64, 65


Patentinhaber:

13 Patente von indischen Organisationen No. 9, 12, 29, 32, 38, 39, 40, 43, 48, 50, 59, 63, 65

5 von Rohm and Haas No. 3, 14, 15, 16, 19

4 von W. R. Grace No. 4, 5, 10, 17

4 von Thermo Trilogy No. 8, 26, 27, 30

4 von Bayer No. 31, 43, 51, 52

3 von Agridyne Technologies No. 21, 22, 24

3 von Avon No. 56, 61, 62



1. EP 276687 A2 19880803

Title: Derivatives of the azadirachtin type and their use in agents to destroy insects

Applicant/Proprietor: Max-Planck-Ges. (DE)

Relation to neem: Extract of kernels of nuts of the neem tree as novel insecticide.

State of procedure: dead, 13.6.91


2. EP 308044 A2 19890322

Title: Azadirachtin derivative insecticides

Applicant/Proprietor: Native Plants Inc. (US)

Relation to neem: Insecticidal and antifeedant compositions which are more stable derivatives of azadirachtin.

State of procedure: dead, 13.6.91


3. EP 311284 A2 19890412

Title: Insecticidal hydrogenated neem extracts

Applicant/Proprietor: Rohm and Haas Comp. (US)

Relation to neem: Plant-extracts, esp. of neem seeds, as insecticides.

State of procedure: B1: 6.4.94, expired CH, LI, LU, NL 1994


4. EP 405291 A1 19910102

Title: Storage stable azadirachtin formulation

Applicant/Proprietor: W. R. Grace & Co.-Conn. (US)

Relation to neem: Pesticide compositions comprising neem seed extracts.

State of procedure: B1: 13.8.97


5. EP 405701 A1 19910102

Title: Method to prepare an improved storage need seem extract

Applicant/Proprietor: W. R. Grace (US)

Relation to neem: Stable azadirachtin solution from neem seeds.

State of procedure: B1: 2.4.97, opposition Trifolio, revocation 7.2.99


6. WO 9105561 A1 19910502

Title: Head lice treatment

Applicant/Proprietor: Hull, P. (AU)

Relation to neem: Composition containing neem extract to repel head lice in humans.

State of procedure: dead, 10.8.92


7. WO 9108670 A1 19910627

Title: Pesticidal composition comprising azadirachtin, dialkyltoluamide and oil (geraniol and/or citronellal)

Applicant/Proprietor: Guerrini, V. (AU)

Relation to neem: Compositions suitable for direct application to skin or feathers (animal) against insects and

arachnids.

State of procedure: dead, 14.7.92


8. EP 436257 A1 19910710

Title: Hydrophobic extracted neem oil - a novel insecticide and fungicide

Applicant/Proprietor: Thermo Trilogy Corp. (US)

Relation to neem: Extract from neem seed, free of azadirachtin and salannin

State of procedure: B1: 14.9.94, expired in AT,DK,GR,LU,SE 1994; opposition 1995, revocation 10.5.2000; appeal (T 416/01),

revocation 8.3.2005)


9. EP 472791 A1 19920304

Title: Composition containing neem oil for fertility control and prevention of pregnancy

Applicant/Proprietor: National Institute of Immunology (IN)

Relation to neem: Neem oil or its components for prevention of pregnancy in females.

State of procedure: B1: 6.12.95, expired in IT


10. EP 494067 A1 19920708

Title: Novel pesticidal compositions derived from neem oil and neem wax fractions

Applicant/Proprietor: W. R. Grace & Co.-Conn. (US)

Relation to neem: Pesticidal formulations from neem seeds.

State of procedure: B1: 13.8.97, expired in AT,CH,DK,GR,GB,LI,PT,SE 97


11. WO 9219616 A1 19921112

Title: Improvements of a pesticidal/insect repellent comprising synthesis of a new pesticidal insect repellant

Applicant/Proprietor: Guerrini, V. (AU)

Relation to neem: Neem extracts or azadirachtin containing compositions

State of procedure: dead, 3.2.93


12. EP 578878 A1 19940119

Title: Neem oil fatty acid distillation residue based pesticide

Applicant/Proprietor: Godrej Soaps Lim. (IN)

Relation to neem: Pesticide based on neem oil fatty acid distillation.

State of procedure: B1: 23.10.96, expired in AT, CH, DK, GR, IT, LI, LU, MC, PT, SE; valid in BE, DE, GB


13. EP 579624 A1 19940126 WO 9216109

Title: Process for producing a storable azadirachtin-rich insecticide from sperm nuclei of the neem tree

Applicant/Proprietor: Trifolio-M GmbH (DE)

Relation to neem: Method of extraction of storable azadirachtin.

State of procedure: B1: 5.6.96


14. EP 581467 A1 19940202

Title: Stable extracts from neem seeds

Applicant/Proprietor: Rohm and Haas Comp. (US)

Relation to neem: Extract as a powder, useful insecticide against foliar pests.

State of procedure: B1: 4.9.96


15. EP 581468 A2 19940202

Title: Preparation of edible neem oil

Applicant/Proprietor: Rohm and Haas (US)

Relation to neem: Process for refining neem oil solution to provide edible neem oil.

State of procedure: B1: 10.1.96


16. EP 581469 A1 19940202

Title: Preparation of neem seed extracts

Applicant/Proprietor: Rohm and Haas Comp. (US)

Relation to neem: Neem seed extract containing azadirachtin, useful as insecticide.

State of procedure: B1: 4.9.96


17. EP 589547 A1 19940330

Title: A storage stable highly concentrated azadirachtin solution

Applicant/Proprietor: W. R. Grace & Co.-Conn. (US)

Relation to neem: Neem seed extracts as pesticides.

State of procedure: dead, 27.4.99


18. EP 591674 A2 19940413

Title: Use of meliaceae plants or parts of these plants protecting agent with fungicidal activity

Applicant/Proprietor: Gebrüder Schaette KG (DE)

Relation to neem: Use of seeds or fruits of neem tree, also leaves, pulp, bark, wood. Use in coating of any seeds

or to apply directly to the crop plants.

State of procedure: dead, 28.1.95


19. EP 605139 A2 19940706

Title: A method for producing azadirachtin

Applicant/Proprietor: Rohm and Haas Comp. (US)

Relation to neem: Production of azadirachtin from a cell culture suspension.

State of procedure: dead, 6.2.99


20. EP 617119 A2 19940928

Title: Co-extraction of azadirachtin and neem oil

Applicant/Proprietor: W. R. Grace &Co.-Conn. (US)

Relation to neem: Method of extracting neem seeds. Provided are novel neem extract mixtures.

State of procedure: B1 23.08.00


21. EP 636048 A1 19950201 WO 9320916

Title: Selective removal of aflatoxin from azadirachtin containing compositions

Applicant/Proprietor: Agridyne Technologies, Inc. (US)

Relation to neem: Method of extraction of azadirachtin.

State of procedure: dead, 1.11.96


22. WO 9502962 A1 19950202

Title: Method for producing azadirachtin concentrates from neem materials

Applicant/Proprietor: Agridyne Technologies, Inc. (US)

Relation to neem: Extraction of azadirachtin-containing oils from plant materials.

State of procedure: dead, 22.2.96


23. WO 9510942 A1 19950427

Title: Acaricidal combinations of neem seed extract and bifenthrin

Applicant/Proprietor: FMC Corp. (US)

Relation to neem: The combinations are synergistic in controlling acarids, esp. pyrethroid-resistant mites.

State of procedure: dead, 21.5.96


24. EP 652706 A1 19950517 WO 9402019

Title: Storage-stable pesticide compositions comprising azadirachtin and an epoxide

Applicant/Proprietor: Agridyne Technologies, Inc. (US)

Relation to neem: Azadirachtin or azadirachtin derivatives

State of procedure: dead, 28.5.97


25. EP 671925 A1 19950920 WO 9417815

Title: Therapeutic compounds derived from the neem tree

Applicant/Proprietor: Neem Pharmaco (US)

Relation to neem: Extracts from neem leaves, useful to treat different diseases, including malaria and cancer.

State of procedure: dead, 2.4.97


26. WO 9639181 A1 19961212

Title: Clarified neem oil and methods of producing

Applicant/Proprietor: Thermo Trilogy Corp. (US)

Relation to neem: Neem oil having reduced phytotoxicity

State of procedure: dead, 14.4.97


27. WO 9639034 A1 19961212

Title: Synergistic use of azadirachtin and pyrethrum

Applicant/Proprietor: Thermo Trilogy Corp. (US)

Relation to neem: Insecticidal formulation of Pyrethrum with azadirachtin and clarified neem oil.

State of procedure: dead, 07.03.97


28. EP 755626 A1 19970129

Title: Encapsulation with emulsifiers

Applicant/Proprietor: Micro Flo Comp. (US)

Relation to neem: Agriculturally active ingredients, also neem oil or azadirachtin, are encapsulated.

State of procedure: B1 21.03.01, expired in BE, CH, LI, SE


29. EP 787495 A1 19970806

Title: A process for the isolation of an active principle from Azadirachta indica useful for controlling gastric

hyperacidity and gastric ulceration

Applicant/Proprietor: Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (IN)

Relation to neem: Extracts from different parts of the neem plant.

State of procedure: B1 27.04.05


30. EP 789513 A1 19970820 WO 9639845

Title: Improved stability of azadirachtin-containing solid

Applicant/Proprietor: Thermo Trilogy Corp. (US)

Relation to neem: Stability of azadirachtin improved.

State of procedure: B1 1.10.03


31. EP 804080 A1 19971105 WO 9603879

Title: Insecticides

Applicant/Proprietor: Bayer AG (DE)

Relation to neem: Insecticide is mixed with different substances, also neem oil.

State of procedure: dead, 23.7.98


32. EP 834254 A1 19980408

Title: Azadirachtin formulations and a process for preparing them from neem seed/kernel

Applicant/Proprietor: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (IN)

Relation to neem: Preparation of dry solid azadirachtin powder extracted from neem seeds/kernels.

State of procedure: B1 5.3.03; opposition Trifolio; proceedings 5.10.05; appeal T 0096/06-3301


33. WO 9816261 A1 19980423

Title: Method and apparatus for deodorisation and detoxification

Applicant/Proprietor: Enviro-Mate Pty. Ltd. (AU)

Relation to neem: Deodorising apparatus with a composition containing also neem oil.

State of procedure: dead, 17.5.99


34. EP 863248 A2 19980909

Title: Agent against keratin pests

Applicant/Proprietor: Bayer AG (DE)

Relation to neem: Pesticide to finish textiles, containing neem tree fruit extracts.

State of procedure: dead, 16.8.99


35. EP 869714 A1 19981014 WO 9747193

Title: Method for the control of infestations of honeybee colonies

Applicant/Proprietor: Vita (Europe) Lim. (GB)

Relation to neem: Oils from plants, including neem, to control diseases in bee-hives.

State of procedure: B1 30.08.00


36. EP 874550 A1 19981104 WO 9725867

Title: Extraction of substrates from components of the neem tree

Applicant/Proprietor: Flavex Naturextrakte GmbH (DE)

Relation to neem: Process for extracting substances from neem seeds and nuts.

State of procedure: in exam. since 20.6.98; last 13.04.06


37. WO 9902533 A1 19990121

Title: Azadirachtin extraction process

Applicant/Proprietor: Neem Extracts Pty. Ltd. (AU)

Relation to neem: Aqueous solution or powder of Azadirachtin, extracted from neem seeds.

State of procedure: dead, 14.02.00


38. EP 0908171 A1 19990414

Title: Dry herbal, cleaning composition

Applicant/Proprietor: Gem Energy Industry Ltd. (IN)

Relation to neem: Powder can include an insect repellent or insecticide such as Melia azadirachta.

State of procedure: dead, 15.10.99


39. EP 930073 A1 19990721

Title: Process for preparation of spermicidal agent

Applicant/Proprietor: National Research Development Corp. of India (IN)

Relation to neem: Process for the preparation of spermicidal agent from neem oil.

State of procedure: B1 4.8.04


40. EP 931550 A1 19990728

Title: A process for the preparation of a spermicidal agent

Applicant/Proprietor: National Research Development Corp., a Government of India Undertaking (IN)

Relation to neem: Process for the preparation of agents from neem oil.

State of procedure: B1 22.9.04


41. EP 966215 A1 19991229 WO 9830124

Title: Insect repellent substrate for headwear

Applicant/Proprietor: Lice Busters International Pty. Ltd. (AU)

Relation to neem: Composition including neem oil to impregnate fabric. Insect repellent influence.

State of procedure: dead, 1.8.03


42. WO 0024731 A1 20000504 EP 1124818

Title: Azadirachtin compounds extracted from Azadirachta indica, compositions and use thereof as insecticidal

Applicant/Proprietor: Fortune Biotech Ltd (US)

Relation to neem: Stable azadirachtin prepared from neem kernel extract

State of procedure: exam. since 25.5.01; will soon be granted (R.51(4) 13.12.05


43. WO 0054596 A1 20000921 EP 1191851

Title: Process for preparing cyclodextrin inclusion complex

Applicant/Proprietor: Subba Rao, P. (IN)

Relation to neem: Neem seed kernel extract in a carrier formulation.

State of procedure: B1 14.5.03


44. WO 0117539 A1 20010315 EP 1198237

Title: Herbal composition for itchy or infected skin

Applicant/Proprietor: Shah, E. (GB)

Relation to neem: Extracts from different herbes including Melia azadirachta for treatment of skin disorders

State of procedure: B1 9.6.04


45. WO 0157156 A1 20010809

Title: A soil conditioner and slow release bio-pesticidal and fertilizer composition

Applicant/Proprietor: Joe, H. (IN)

Relation to neem: Soil conditioner being bio-pesticide and bio-fertilzer.

State of procedure: dead?


46. WO 0158263 A1 20010816

Title: Compositions and methods for controlling pests using synergistic cocktails of plant alkaloids

Applicant/Proprietor: Greentech, Inc. (US)

Relation to neem: Killing and controlling pest by plant alkaloids including azadirachtin.

State of procedure: dead, 2.4.03


47. EP 1129627 A1 20010905

Title: Natural feed additive, a method of preparing said feed additive, a feed mixture containing the feed

additive as well as a method of breeding farm animals

Applicant/Proprietor: Nor-Feed ApS (DK)

Relation to neem: Feed additive based on material from plants including Azadirachta

State of procedure: B1 2.5.03


48. WO 0176372 A2 20011018

Title: Compositions containing neem seed extracts and saccharide

Applicant/Proprietor: E.I.D. Parry (India) Ltd (IN)

Relation to neem: Pesticide composition containing neem seed extract.

State of procedure: dead, 4.6.03


49. EP 1149670 A1 20011031

Title: Biological wood treatment agent based on extracts of herbs

Applicant/Proprietor: Jobeck GmbH (DE)

Relation to neem: Wood treatment agent inclusive neem oil.

State of procedure: exam. since 22.12.00; B1 08.03.06


50. WO 0222147 A1 20020321

Title: Antibacterial combination comprising neem plant extract

Applicant/Proprietor: Dabur Research Foundation (IN)

Relation to neem: Extract of Azadirachta indica or Meliza azadirachta as synergistic compound with antibiotic or

chemotherapeutic drug.

State of procedure: dead, 3.12.03


51. WO 02043495 A1 20020606 EP 1339287

Title: Fungicidal agent combinations

Applicant/Proprietor: Bayer AG (DE)

Relation to neem: Fungicides comprising extracts of neem seeds.

State of procedure: exam. since 1.7.03; B1 07.06.06


52. WO 02043496 A2 20020606 EP 1339288

Title: Active agent combinations

Applicant/Proprietor: Bayer AG (DE)

Relation to neem: Insecticides comprising extracts of neem seeds.

State of procedure: exam. since 1.7.03, last 28.02.06


53. WO 02085394 A1 20021031

Title: The process of preparing the topical anti-inflammatory/analgesic preparation

Applicant/Proprietor: Khamar, B. (IN)

Relation to neem: Process of preparing preparation comprising herbal ingredients including Malia azadirachta.

State of procedure: dead, 25.11.03


54. WO 03002807 A2 20030109 EP 1432866

Title: Method for acaricidal and microbicidal treatment of textile materials

Applicant/Proprietor: Greenworker Corp. Ltd. (CY)

Relation to neem: Textile comprising neem oil.

State of procedure: exam. since 17.12.03


55. WO 2003037087 A1 20030508

Title: Pesticide formulation composed of natural components

Applicant/Proprietor: SK Chemicals Co., Ltd. (KR)

Relation to neem: Pesticide composition comprising also extracts from Azadirachta indica.

State of procedure: dead, 11.5.04


56. WO 03041636 A2 20030522 EP 1441686

Title: Topical cosmetic composition with skin rejuvenation benefits

Applicant/Proprietor: Avon Products, Inc. (US)

Relation to neem: Cosmetic composition comprising a blend of neem seed.

State of procedure: exam. since 2.7.03


57. EP 1326870 A1 20030716 WO 02032907

Title: Extraction method

Applicant/Proprietor: Neem Biotech Ltd. (GB)

Relation to neem: Extraction of azadirachtin.

State of procedure: exam. since 8.5.03


58. WO 03071871 A1 20030904 EP 1478230

Title: Substrate, especially textile substrate, and method for producing the same

Applicant/Proprietor: Terra Nostra Produkte mit Naturextrakten GmbH (DE)

Relation to neem: Substrate comprising extracts of neem tree.

State of procedure: exam. since 30.8.04


59. WO 03080088 A1 20031002

Title: Therapeutic edible composition for treating hyperglycemia

Applicant/Proprietor: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (IN)

Relation to neem: Therapeutic or edible composition comprising herbs of Azadirachta indica.

State of procedure: dead 25.05.05


60. WO 2004036998 A1 20040506 EP 1558087

Title: Insect repellent based on a mixture of essential oils

Applicant/Proprietor: Sommerville, .M. (GB)

Relation to neem: Composition comprising neem oil.

State of procedure: exam. since 26.5.05


61. WO 2004060285 A2 20040722 EP 1572223

Title: Use of active extracts to improve the appearance of skin, lips, hair and/or nails

Applicant/Proprietor: Avon Products, Inc. (US)

Relation to neem: Cosmetic composition comprising extracts of Azadirachta indica.

State of procedure: exam. since 23.3.05


62. WO 2004060326 A1 20040722 EP 1471874

Title: Compositions and delivery methods for the treatment of wrinkles, fine lines and hyperhidrosis

Applicant/Proprietor: Avon Products, Inc. (US)

Relation to neem: Limonoids for treating skin; limonoids include the plant alkaloids toosendanin and

State of procedure: exam. since 31.8.04


63. WO 2004084852 A1 20041007 EP 1641537

Title: Nontoxic dental care herbal formulation for preventing dental plaque and gingivitis

Applicant/Proprietor: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (IN)

Relation to neem: Herbal formulation comprising an active fraction from Azadirachta indica.

State of procedure: prel. exam. 25.10.04, last 13.10.05


64. EP 1465648 A1 20041013 WO 03057231

Title: Pediculicidal compound

Applicant/Proprietor: Natural Science.Com Ltd. (GB)

Relation to neem: Composition comprising extract from Melia azadirachta for treating head lice infestation in humans.

State of procedure: exam. 4.8.04


65. WO 04087618 A1 20041014 EP 1608606

Title: A synergistic fermented plant growth promoting, bio-control composition

Applicant/Proprietor: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (IN)

Relation to neem: Composition including crushed neem leaves.

State of procedure: exam. since 18.10.05